2014_05_16_Steven Pinker_interviu_

Steven Pinker_interviu_05.Mai.2014_

 

In data de 5 mai 2014 apare in gazeta de la Harvard un articol ce contine un interviu luat unuia dintre cei mai renumiti intelectuali de pe planeta. Nu am nicio indoiala, poate doar intr-un coltisor al mintii (care din ele?), ca despre dumnealui a auzit orice student (in psihologie) care merge la cursuri si/sau studiaza (in timp ce altii stau acasa sau nu, urmand, dupa o vreme, sa-si ridice licenta la fel ca ceilalti), deorece este un autor (si scientist in psihologie) deosebit de pomenit si citat de catre profesori la cursuri si in lucrarile lor academice. Toti acestia recita poezii cu titlurile de la lucrarile domniei sale. Crezi ca sunt ironic sau sarcastic?

Steven Pinker, caci despre dumnealui vorbim, are o experienta de mai mult de 30 de ani in predare si cercetare experimentala in domeniul de cunoastere numit psihologie. Dupa mintea mea, usor “scrantita” de la cantitatea de gandirea critica pe metru cub, daca se intampla sa ai o licenta in psihologie sau, cu atat mai mult, daca studiezi psihologie si nu ai auzit de Pinker, inseamna ca poti declara cunoasterea ta in psihologie ca fiind (aproape) nula. Mi se pare un motiv suficient, oricui i se pare suficient, sa-ti reactualizezi degraba cunostintele sau, macar, sa-ti imbogatesti cultura psihologica. Oricum, sper ca nu e cazul tau, daca esti unul dintre cititorii fideli.

Aici am lipit un paragraf din interviul publicat. Vei afla cum se vede de la “inaltimea” lui Pinker domeniul psihologiei. Nu de altceva, doar sa ai un reper (inalt) cand compari cu psihologia ce se vinde prin alte zone ale globului (nu cel cristalin) cu psihologie serioasa. Mai important, daca esti un consumator de psihologie, vei afla o perspectiva extinsa, completa as zice, a locului ocupat de psihologia moderna (stiintifica) intre marile domenii de cunoastere. (boldarile si sublinierile imi apartin)

 

Q: If you were trying to get someone interested in this field today, what would you say?

A: What could be more interesting than how the mind works? Also, I believe that psychology sits at the center of intellectual life. In one direction, it looks to the biological sciences, to neuroscience, to genetics, to evolution. But in the other, it looks to the social sciences and the humanities. Societies are formed and take their shape from our social instincts, our ability to communicate and cooperate. And the humanities are the study of the products of our human mind, of our works of literature and music and art. So psychology is relevant to pretty much every subject taught at a university.

Psychology is blossoming today, but for much of its history it was dull, dull, dull. Perception was basically psychophysics, the study of the relationship between the physical magnitude of stimulus and of its perceived magnitude — that is, as you make a light brighter and brighter, does its subjective brightness increase at the same rate or not? It also studied illusions, like the ones on the back of the cereal box, but without much in the way of theory. Learning was the study of the rate at which rats press levers when they are rewarded with food pellets. Social psychology was a bunch of laboratory demonstrations showing that people could behave foolishly and be mindless conformists, but also without a trace of theory explaining why. It’s only recently, in dialogue with other disciplines, that psychology has begun to answer the “why” questions. Cognitive science, for example, which connects psychology to linguistics, theoretical computer science, and philosophy of mind, has helped explain intelligence in terms of information, computation, and feedback. Evolutionary thinking is necessary to ask the “why” questions: “Why does the mind work the way it does instead of some other way in which it could have worked?” This crosstalk has made psychology more intellectually satisfying. It’s no longer just one damn phenomenon after another.

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http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2014/05/what-could-be-more-interesting-than-how-the-mind-works/

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Articol preluat de la:  www.sasseramis.ro

Accesat: Noiembrie.2015

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KNUT_PRICELESS_STEVEN PINKER 2014

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KNUT_SAS_Psihologie stiintifica